Is Liver Disease Curable in Children?

11 Jan 2022
Learn about the symptoms, treatment options, and resources available for families with children who have liver disease in this comprehensive

Liver disease is a condition that affects people of all ages, including children. While liver disease is treatable, the cure for this condition is dependent on the type and severity of liver disease that a child is suffering from. In this article, we will explore the different types of liver disease in children, their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Types of Liver Diseases in Children: A Comprehensive Guide

Liver diseases can have a severe impact on children's health. There are various types of liver diseases that affect children, and it's essential to understand their symptoms, causes, and treatments. Here are some of the most common types of liver diseases found in children:

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by a viral infection, autoimmune disease, or exposure to toxins. The most common types of viral hepatitis in children are hepatitis A, B, and C. Hepatitis A is usually mild and resolves on its own, whereas hepatitis B and C can lead to chronic liver disease if left untreated.

Biliary Atresia

Biliary atresia is a rare condition that occurs when the bile ducts become inflamed and blocked. This condition can lead to liver damage if not treated promptly. The symptoms of biliary atresia include jaundice, dark urine, and pale stools. Surgery is the most effective treatment for biliary atresia, and it should be performed as early as possible to prevent liver damage.

Alagille Syndrome

Alagille syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the liver and other organs. This condition is characterized by abnormalities in the bile ducts, leading to liver damage. Alagille syndrome can also cause heart defects, facial abnormalities, and growth problems. Treatment for Alagille syndrome is usually symptomatic, and it may include medication, surgery, or liver transplantation.

Wilson's Disease

Wilson's disease is a rare genetic disorder that causes copper to accumulate in the liver, brain, and other organs. This condition can lead to liver damage if not treated promptly. Wilson's disease can cause symptoms such as fatigue, jaundice, and tremors. Treatment for Wilson's disease usually involves medication to remove excess copper from the body.

It's essential to recognize the early signs and symptoms of liver disease in children and seek prompt medical attention. With proper treatment and care, many children with liver diseases can go on to lead healthy and happy lives.

Causes of Liver Disease in Children

Liver disease is a serious condition that can affect children of all ages. The causes of liver disease in children can vary depending on the type of liver disease they are dealing with.

However, it's important to understand the risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing liver disease. Some of the most common risk factors include:

  • Viral infections: Viral infections are a common cause of liver disease in children. Some of the most common viral infections that can lead to liver disease include hepatitis A, B, and C. These viruses can cause inflammation in the liver, which can lead to damage and scarring over time.
  • Genetic disorders: Genetic disorders can also contribute to liver disease in children. Some of these disorders include alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, Wilson's disease, and hemochromatosis. These disorders can cause the liver to become overloaded with certain substances, which can lead to damage over time.
  • Autoimmune diseases: Autoimmune diseases can also cause liver disease in children. These conditions occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the body, including those in the liver. Some autoimmune diseases that can lead to liver disease include autoimmune hepatitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis.
  • Exposure to toxins: Exposure to toxins is another potential cause of liver disease in children. Toxins such as alcohol, drugs, and certain chemicals can all cause damage to the liver over time. It's important to be mindful of the toxins your child may be exposed to and take steps to limit their exposure whenever possible.
  • Certain medications: Certain medications can also contribute to liver disease in children. Some medications can cause liver damage if they are taken in high doses or over a long period of time. It's important to talk to your child's doctor about any medications they may be taking to ensure they are safe and not contributing to liver disease.

By understanding the risk factors associated with liver disease in children, you can take steps to protect your child's liver health and ensure they live a happy and healthy life.

Symptoms of Liver Disease in Children: How to Spot the Warning Signs

If you're a parent, the health of your child is always a top priority. While liver disease in children is relatively rare, it's important to know the warning signs so you can take action if necessary.

The symptoms of liver disease in children can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling of the abdomen or legs

If your child is experiencing any of these symptoms, it's important to consult with a pediatrician right away. Early detection and treatment can make all the difference when it comes to liver disease.

It's also important to note that not all liver disease symptoms are physical. Children with liver disease may also experience emotional symptoms such as depression, anxiety, or changes in behavior.

If your child has been diagnosed with liver disease, it's essential to work closely with your healthcare provider to manage their condition and ensure the best possible outcome.

Is Liver Disease Curable in Children?

Liver disease in children is treatable, but it is not always curable. The cure for this condition depends on the type and severity of liver disease that a child is suffering from. However, with the right treatment and management, many children with liver diseases can go on to lead healthy and happy lives.

Treatment Options for Liver Disease in Children: A Comprehensive Guide

If your child has been diagnosed with liver disease, it can be a scary and overwhelming experience. However, it's important to remember that there are many treatment options available to help manage the condition and prevent further damage.

Medications

The treatment options for liver disease in children depend on the type and severity of the condition. In some cases, medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms and prevent further liver damage. These medications may include:

  • Antiviral drugs
  • Immunosuppressants
  • Antibiotics

Surgery

In other cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue or repair bile ducts. This can be a complex procedure, but it can be very effective in improving liver function and reducing symptoms.

Liver Transplantation

For severe cases of liver disease, liver transplantation may be the best option. A liver transplant is a major surgery that involves replacing the damaged liver with a healthy liver from a donor. While this may sound daunting, advances in medical technology have made liver transplantation a safe and effective treatment option for many children with liver disease.

If you're looking for more information on liver disease treatment options for children, there are many helpful resources available online. The American Liver Foundation is a great place to start your research, with a wealth of information on liver disease and treatment options. Additionally, your child's healthcare provider should be able to provide you with more detailed information on the specific treatment options available for your child's condition.

The Role of Diet and Nutrition in Managing Liver Disease in Children

Diet and nutrition play a vital role in managing liver disease in children. A healthy diet can help reduce inflammation, prevent further liver damage, and improve overall health. Here are some dietary recommendations for children with liver disease:

Limit Salt Intake

Children with liver disease may be at risk of developing fluid buildup in their abdomen or legs. To prevent this, it's important to limit their salt intake. Avoid adding extra salt to meals, and try to choose low-sodium options when shopping for groceries.

Increase Protein Intake

Protein is essential for maintaining muscle mass and supporting overall health. However, some children with liver disease may have trouble digesting protein properly. In these cases, it's important to work with a healthcare provider or registered dietitian to determine the appropriate amount of protein for your child's needs.

Avoid Alcohol

Alcohol can be toxic to the liver and should be avoided entirely by children with liver disease. Additionally, some medications used to treat liver disease can interact with alcohol, leading to further damage.

Choose Nutrient-Dense Foods

When planning meals for children with liver disease, it's important to focus on nutrient-dense foods that provide essential vitamins and minerals. Some good options include:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Lean protein sources such as poultry or fish
  • Low-fat dairy products

By working closely with a healthcare provider or registered dietitian, you can develop a healthy eating plan that meets your child's specific needs and helps manage their condition effectively.

In recent years, there has been significant progress in the development of innovative treatments and therapies for liver disease in children. Researchers are exploring new approaches to treating liver disease, including gene therapy, stem cell therapy, and immunotherapy.

One promising area of research is the use of gene therapy to treat liver disease in children. Gene therapy involves altering or replacing faulty genes with healthy ones to correct genetic disorders that cause liver disease. While this approach is still in the early stages of development, it shows great promise for treating certain types of liver disease.

Stem cell therapy is another area of research that holds great potential for treating liver disease in children. Stem cells have the ability to develop into different types of cells in the body, including liver cells. Researchers are exploring ways to use stem cells to replace damaged or diseased liver tissue and restore normal liver function.

Immunotherapy is a newer approach to treating liver disease that involves using the body's immune system to fight off the disease. This can be done by targeting specific immune cells or molecules that are involved in causing liver damage. While still in its early stages, immunotherapy shows promise as a potential treatment option for certain types of liver disease.

While these treatments are still being developed and tested, they offer hope for children with liver diseases who may not respond well to traditional treatments. As research continues, we may see even more innovative treatments and therapies emerge that can improve outcomes for children with liver disease.

Resources for Families with Children with Liver Disease

Receiving a diagnosis of liver disease in your child can be overwhelming and stressful. Fortunately, there are many support groups and resources available to help families navigate this difficult time.

One great resource is the American Liver Foundation's Pediatric Support Group. This group provides a safe space for parents to connect with others who are going through similar experiences. It offers emotional support, education, and resources to help families manage their child's liver disease.

Additionally, many hospitals have social workers or patient navigators who can help connect families with local resources and support groups. These professionals can provide valuable information on financial assistance programs, counseling services, and other resources that may be available in your area.

If you're feeling overwhelmed or unsure of where to turn for help, don't hesitate to reach out to a healthcare provider or social worker for guidance. Remember, you're not alone in this journey – there are many people and organizations ready and willing to offer support every step of the way.

Conclusion

Liver disease in children is a serious condition that requires proper management and treatment. As a parent or caregiver, it's important to be aware of the risk factors and symptoms associated with liver disease in children so you can take action if necessary. With early detection and appropriate treatment, many children with liver diseases can go on to live long and healthy lives.

By working closely with your child's healthcare provider, following a healthy diet, and taking advantage of available resources and support groups, you can help ensure the best possible outcome for your child. Remember, you're not alone in this journey – there are many people and organizations ready to offer support every step of the way.

Sources

Recent Articles

Effective Techniques for Managing Diabetes in Children

July 12, 2024

Empower your child's future with effective techniques for managing diabetes in children.

Community Support for Children with Diabetes

July 12, 2024

Explore community support for diabetic children, the role of health clubs, and access to care essentials.

Top Pediatric Diabetes Management Programs

July 12, 2024

Discover top pediatric diabetes management programs for comprehensive child care and smoother transitions to adulthood.

Effective Home Treatments for Childhood Diabetes

July 12, 2024

Discover effective home treatments for childhood diabetes, from nutritional support to emotional care.

Essential Home Care for Children with Diabetes

July 12, 2024

Gain confidence in home care for children with diabetes with our empowering guide for parents.

Navigating Pediatric Cardiac Care at Home

July 10, 2024

Empower your pediatric cardiac care at home with our guide. Navigate emergencies and equipment with ease.

Essential Steps in Heart Condition Rehabilitation for Kids

July 10, 2024

Empower your child's heart health journey with our guide on heart condition rehabilitation for kids.

The Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Chain of Survival Steps

July 10, 2024

Master pediatric out-of-hospital chain of survival steps and empower your child's cardiac care at home.

Cardiovascular Emergencies in Pediatric Patients

July 10, 2024

Master managing cardiovascular emergencies in pediatric patients with expert home cardiac care tips.

Home-Based Heart Health Programs for Children

July 10, 2024

Discover the transformative power of home-based heart health programs for children. Better care at home!

Effective Home Treatments for Childhood Asthma

July 8, 2024

Explore effective home treatments for childhood asthma, from natural therapies to allergy control.

Best Practices for Children's Asthma Management at Home

July 8, 2024

Master children's asthma management at home with strategies on triggers, school challenges, and emergencies.

Pediatric Asthma Care Programs That Make a Difference

July 8, 2024

Discover effective pediatric asthma care programs, from diagnosis to treatment, for your child's success.

Community Support for Kids Battling Asthma

July 8, 2024

Discover community support for kids with asthma in NY—enhancing care, school programs, and resources.

Expert Advice for Managing Children's Asthma With Home Care

July 8, 2024

Gain expert insights on managing asthma in children with home care. Empower your family today!

Respite Care for Children with Special Needs

July 8, 2024

Explore respite care for children with special needs, from access to benefits, offering a lifeline for caregivers.

Is There a Cure for Sickle Cell Anemia?

July 8, 2024

Explore advancements towards curing sickle cell anemia, from gene therapy to FDA-approved treatments.

Infant Chronic Lung Disease: Breaking Down the Risks

July 8, 2024

Discover the complications of infant chronic lung disease, its risk factors, and strategies for management.

Impulse Control Disorders in Children

July 8, 2024

Conquer impulse control disorders in children with effective strategies and professional help. Get the support your child needs now!

Impulse Control Disorders and Substance Abuse: Exploring the Relationship

July 8, 2024

Unveiling the link between impulse control disorders and substance abuse. Discover the hidden dangers and find support for parents.

How to Treat High Blood Pressure in Teenager

July 8, 2024

Learn effective strategies to manage high blood pressure in teenagers, promoting healthier lifestyles and better long-term health.

How to Treat High Blood Pressure in Children?

July 8, 2024

Master strategies to treat high blood pressure in children through balanced diet, regular exercise, and medical interventions.

How to Teach a Child with Intellectual Disability to Read

July 8, 2024

Explore strategies on how to teach a child with intellectual disability to read. Empower minds today!

How To Support Teens During Major Life Transitions

July 8, 2024

Learn how to support teens during major life transitions with effective tools and strategies, promoting resilience and positive growth.

How To Support A Teen With Social Anxiety

July 8, 2024

Learn how to support a teen with social anxiety, from treatment options to creating supportive environments.

How To Support A Teen With Learning Disabilities

July 8, 2024

Discover how to support a teen with learning disabilities: from early intervention to empowering tools.

How to Support a Teen with ADHD: A Guide

July 8, 2024

Learn how to support a teen with ADHD through academic strategies, fostering independence, and promoting a healthy lifestyle.

How to Obtain Respite Care For Your Child's Wellbeing

July 8, 2024

Learn how to get respite care for your child, ensuring their wellbeing and giving you peace of mind through reliable care services.

How To Help Teens Manage Academic Pressure

July 8, 2024

Empower teens to manage academic pressure with effective strategies for stress reduction and self-care.

How To Help Teens Develop Healthy Relationships

July 8, 2024

Learn how to help teens develop healthy relationships, from nurturing friendships to handling digital influences.

How To Help Teens Develop Healthy Coping Mechanisms

July 8, 2024

Empower teens with healthy coping mechanisms. Harness their inner strength and conquer stress wisely with effective strategies and support.

How To Help Teens Develop A Healthy Self-esteem

July 8, 2024

Learn how to help teens build a healthy self-esteem. Nurture strength and resilience for lifelong confidence.

How To Handle Substance Abuse In Teens

July 8, 2024

Learn how to handle substance abuse in teens: from recognizing signs to exploring effective interventions.

How to Get Respite Care for My Child?

July 8, 2024

Learn how to get respite care for your child, explore financial aid options, and locate trusted services to support your family.

How to Get Health Insurance for Your Child with Autism?

July 8, 2024

Navigate steps to secure health insurance for your child with autism, ensuring comprehensive coverage and effective care plans.

How To Foster Positive Body Image In Adolescents

July 8, 2024

Explore how to foster positive body image in adolescents, from mental well-being to social influences.

How to Create a Safe Space for Teens to Express Their Emotions

July 8, 2024

Learn how to create a safe space for teens to express emotions, using trust, dialogue, and technology.

How to Become a Respite Caregiver for ASD

July 8, 2024

Discover how to become a respite caregiver for ASD, join a rewarding field and make a real difference.

How to Become a HCBS Provider in NY

July 8, 2024

Learn how to become an HCBS provider in NY, from Medicaid enrollment to maintaining compliance and providing high-quality care.

How to Apply for Child Care in the United States

July 8, 2024

Navigate how to apply for child care in the US, from financial aid to state programs, with our guide.

How To Address Self-harm Behaviors In Teens

July 8, 2024

Learn how to address self-harm behaviors in teens - from recognizing signs to effective intervention strategies.

How To Address Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) In Teens?

July 8, 2024

Navigate 'how to address OCD in teens' - understanding symptoms, treatments, and the power of empathy.

How To Address Anger Issues In Adolescents

July 8, 2024

Learn how to address anger issues in adolescents with effective techniques and professional interventions.

How Sickle Cell Anemia is Inherited in Families?

July 8, 2024

Decode how sickle cell anemia is inherited and learn about risk assessment, testing, and counseling.

How Respite Can Help You and Your Child: Your Lifeline in Parenting

July 8, 2024

Discover how respite can help you and your child with disabilities – a lifeline for parents in New York.

How Rare is Childhood Dementia?

July 8, 2024

Unveiling the truth: Is childhood dementia rare? Explore the prevalence, impact, & advances in research for families facing this challenge.

How Much Time Should Parents Spend with Their Child?

July 8, 2024

Navigate the question of how much time parents should spend with their child, with a focus on autism.

How Much Is Child Support In NYC?

July 8, 2024

Get insights on 'how much is child support in NYC?' Explore factors, additional costs, and legal repercussions.

How Much Is Child Support For Two Kids In NY?

July 8, 2024

Discover how much is child support for 2 kids in NY? Unravel the factors, court's role, and services.

How Much Is Child Support For Four Kids In NYS?

July 8, 2024

Unveil the truth about how much child support is required for four kids in NYS. Explore the factors, laws, and guidelines involved.

How Much Does Health Insurance for a Child with Autism Cost?

July 8, 2024

Navigate 'how much is health insurance for a child' with autism. Uncover costs, subsidies, and more.

How Much Do Physical Therapists Actually Make?

July 8, 2024

Unravel "how much do physical therapists make" with our comprehensive guide on salaries and factors.

How Much Do Daycare Workers Get Paid in New York?

July 8, 2024

Discover how much daycare workers get paid in New York, and uncover the factors influencing their wages and overall compensation.

How Much Child Support Do I Need For One Child In NY?

July 8, 2024

Demystify how much child support is needed for one child in NY with our comprehensive guide, providing clarity and essential information.

How Many Weeks of Free Respite Care Are You Allowed?

July 8, 2024

Unravel how many weeks of free respite care are you allowed. Learn about options, costs, and coverage.

How Many Long Term Care Facilities are in the US?

July 8, 2024

Get the lowdown on how many long-term care facilities in the US, their impact, and trends shaping them.

How Many Home Health Aides Are There in New York - A Closer Look

July 8, 2024

Discover the number of home health aides in New York and how they support families with disabled children.

How Many Home Care Agencies Operate in New York State?

July 8, 2024

Discover how many home care agencies operate in New York State. Find the support your autistic child deserves.

How Long Does Group Therapy Last

July 8, 2024

Dive into the ins and outs of group therapy and discover how long group therapy typically lasts, ensuring informed participation.

How Long Can A Child Have Diabetes Without Knowing

July 8, 2024

Unmask the silent threat by learning about diagnosing diabetes in children, understanding symptoms, and effective management strategies.

How Home and Community Based Services Enhance Lives

July 8, 2024

Explore how home and community based services are transforming care, enhancing quality of life, and shaping the future.

How DSS in NYS Supports Children with Disabilities

July 8, 2024

Explore 'what is DSS in NYS?' and how it supports children with disabilities through transformative services.

How Does Cardiovascular Disease Affects Childhood?

July 8, 2024

Discover how cardiovascular disease impacts childhood, affecting physical health, emotional wellbeing, and social interactions.

How Do You Deal With Intellectual Disability? The Power of Advocacy

July 8, 2024

Discover the power of advocacy for intellectual disability and how it creates opportunities and promotes equality.

How Do You Deal With a Mentally Unstable Child

July 8, 2024

Gain insights on dealing with a mentally unstable child, from recognizing signs to seeking professional help and effective support strategies.

How Do I Know if My Child Has Intellectual Disability

July 8, 2024

Discover how to recognize if your child has an intellectual disability and the support options available.

How Crisis Affects Middle Childhood Development

July 8, 2024

Uncover how crisis affects middle childhood development and learn strategies to provide robust support.

How Conflict and Crisis Impact Childhood Development

July 8, 2024

Explore how conflict and crisis affect childhood, their impacts, and multilevel support for healing.

How Common is Pediatric Hypertension?

July 8, 2024

Discover how common pediatric hypertension is and gain insights on its risk factors, symptoms, and management.

How Child Care Vouchers Help in NY

July 8, 2024

Navigate child care vouchers in NY - from eligibility to application, we've got your childcare costs covered.

How CFASS Can Help Your Child's Journey

July 8, 2024

Discover how CFASS empowers children with disabilities. Support, guidance, and resources for your child's journey!

Home-Based Waiver Programs for Kids

July 8, 2024

Discover home-based waiver programs for kids, simplifying care and assistance for your special needs child.

Home-based Therapy for Intermittent Explosive Disorder

July 8, 2024

Discover effective home-based therapy for intermittent explosive disorder, enhancing peace and quality of life.

Home-Based Strategies for Explosive Disorder Treatment

July 8, 2024

Explore effective home-based explosive disorder treatment strategies to transform your child's life.

Home-Based Strategies for ADHD Treatment

July 8, 2024

Discover effective home-based ADHD treatment strategies to empower parents and improve children's lives.

Home-Based Respite Services for Kids

July 8, 2024

Explore home-based respite services for kids in NY: a beacon of hope for caregivers of special needs children.

Home-based Mental Health Support For Kids

July 8, 2024

Explore home-based mental health support for kids in NY: resources, professional help, and self-care tips.

Home-based Anxiety Management For Kids

July 8, 2024

Create a calming home environment with strategies for managing anxiety in kids, from structured routines to relaxation techniques.

Home Health Care Services

July 8, 2024

Explore home health care services and their benefits, financing options, and their future, all in one guide.

Home Health Aide Hourly Earnings in NY

July 8, 2024

Discover how much home health aides make an hour in NY, their responsibilities, and the advanced tasks they handle to provide comprehensive care.

High Functioning Autism Symptoms Uncovered

July 8, 2024

Discover and understand high-functioning autism symptoms, their unique strengths, and the support needed for a fulfilling life.

High Blood Pressure in Teens: The Silent Threat

July 8, 2024

Unveiling the silent threat: High blood pressure in teens. Learn about risks, consequences, and effective management strategies.

Heart Disease in Children: Identifying Symptoms

July 8, 2024

Identifying heart disease symptoms in children: Stay vigilant and protect their little hearts with early detection.

Group Therapy Topics For Youth

July 8, 2024

Discover engaging group therapy topics for youth, fostering growth, resilience, and shared experiences through guided discussions.

HCBS Services Brochure: A Guide to Connecting Families with HCBS

July 8, 2024

Explore the HCBS services brochure: a guide to enhancing community integration, improving health outcomes, and accessing vital support.

HCBS Services List With Eligibility & Benefits

July 8, 2024

Master the HCBS services list! Learn eligibility, benefits, and how these services enhance quality of life.

Helping Children with ODD Thrive

July 8, 2024

Learn ways to manage ODD in children, from effective parenting techniques to school-based support.

Finding Autism and Mental Health Support for Kids in New York

July 8, 2024

Empower your parenting with our guide on autism and mental health support for kids in New York.

How to Become a HCBS Provider in New York

July 8, 2024

Unlock opportunities to become a HCBS provider in NY. Discover the requirements, application process & benefits for individuals with autism.

Intellectual Disability in Child Development

July 8, 2024

Explore intellectual disability in child development: its causes, impacts, and strategies for caregiver support.

Integrated Counseling for Enhanced Autism Treatment

July 8, 2024

Explore integrated counseling's potential in enhancing autism treatment, from benefits to future prospects.

Innovative Teletherapy Games for Children with Autism

July 8, 2024

Explore empowering teletherapy games for children with autism. Discover online resources and therapy benefits.

In-Home Support Services for Autism

July 8, 2024

Explore the impact of in-home support services for autism, from quality assurance to financial aspects.

How to Start a Private Home Care Business in New York: A Guide

July 8, 2024

Unlock NY's best-kept secret: Kickstart your private home care business and thrive in the booming healthcare industry!

How to Help a Child Overcome School Refusal

July 8, 2024

Discover how to help a child overcome school refusal with effective treatments and supportive strategies.

Intellectual Disability Resources [For Teachers]

July 7, 2024

Discover innovative teaching strategies for intellectual disabilities. Foster inclusive education and empower students to break barriers.

Intellectual Disability Symptoms

July 7, 2024

Unmasking intellectual disability symptoms: Understand the signs, causes, and management strategies.

Intellectual Disability Types: From Down Syndrome to Fragile X

July 7, 2024

Discover the diverse types of intellectual disability, from Down Syndrome to Fragile X. Understand symptoms, support, and interventions.

Is ADHD Considered An Intellectual Disability?

July 7, 2024

Discover the truth about ADHD and intellectual functioning. Is it an intellectual disability? Find out.

Is Autism Considered a Part of Intellectual Disability?

July 7, 2024

Explore if autism is considered an intellectual disability, challenging assumptions and shedding light on facts.