What Is An Example Of Intellectual Disability?

11 Jan 2022
Discover what an example of intellectual disability is, its causes, diagnosis, and life implications.

Understanding Intellectual Disability

Intellectual disability, also referred to as "intellectual developmental disorder" in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition text revision (DSM-5-TR), is a condition that affects an individual's intelligence and everyday life skills.

Definition and Basic Overview

Intellectual disability is a condition that limits an individual's intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which encompasses a range of everyday skills. It is a disorder that begins before the age of 18 and is characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. The effects of this condition vary greatly among individuals. Some may experience minor limitations and can live independently, while others may require lifelong assistance and support [1].

Worldwide, intellectual disability affects 1% to 3% of children and is slightly more common in men and individuals assigned male at birth than in women and individuals assigned female at birth [1].

Symptoms and Signs

The symptoms of intellectual disability are diverse, reflecting the various ways the condition can impact intelligence, adaptive behaviors, and everyday life skills. Key signs include difficulties in academic, social, and domestic skills, impacting the ability to live and support oneself independently.

Common symptoms include:

  • Difficulty with memory or problem-solving
  • Difficulty learning and applying new skills
  • Difficulties with social interactions
  • Difficulty with self-care and independence

These symptoms may present differently in each person, and the severity can also vary. Diagnosis and intervention at an early stage can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with intellectual disability, enabling them to achieve their potential and live a fulfilling life.

Causes and Risk Factors

In understanding intellectual disability, it's crucial to examine its causes and risk factors. According to MedlinePlus, causes of intellectual disability can vary, affecting about 1% of the population. These causes primarily fall under two categories: genetic factors and environmental influences.

Genetic Factors

Genetic abnormalities are one of the main causes of intellectual disability, with the most common chromosomal cause being Down syndrome and the most prevalent genetic cause being Fragile X syndrome. It's important to note that intellectual disability is not a single entity, but rather reflects a myriad of different disorders. As per NCBI, genetic causes alone may be in the thousands.

Our understanding of how learned memories are stored in the brain is still fragmentary, but learning processes appear to depend on the ability to appropriately develop and modulate synaptic junctions in the brain. This is evident in the case of Fragile X syndrome, where the loss of FMRP results in abnormal dendritic morphology and patterns of synaptic plasticity due to abnormal protein translation, leading to a profound impact on the capacity to learn and respond appropriately.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors also play a significant role in the development of intellectual disability. The most common known preventable environmental cause of intellectual disability is fetal alcohol syndrome as mentioned by NCBI Bookshelf.

Exposure to certain harmful substances during pregnancy, such as alcohol or certain drugs, can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome, which in turn can result in intellectual disability. Early childhood exposure to certain toxins, such as lead, can also contribute to the development of intellectual disability.

In essence, the causes of intellectual disability are multifactorial, involving a complex interplay between genetic abnormalities and environmental exposures. It's crucial to conduct ongoing research to better understand these causes and develop effective prevention and treatment strategies. This knowledge aids in demystifying the query 'what is an example of intellectual disability?' by providing a comprehensive understanding of the causes and risk factors associated with intellectual disability.

Diagnosing Intellectual Disability

The process of diagnosing an intellectual disability involves a comprehensive evaluation including medical, psychological, and educational assessments. These assessments help medical professionals understand an individual's intellectual and adaptive functioning levels, which are key indicators of intellectual disability.

Role of IQ in Diagnosis

Intellectual functioning is commonly measured by the intelligence quotient (IQ), which represents a total score obtained from standardized tests (IQ tests) developed for evaluating human intelligence [2]. These tests assess various cognitive abilities such as memory, problem-solving, and logical reasoning.

IQ test scores are generally distributed in a pattern where the majority of people score around the median, which is set at 100. The scores are also spread out in a way that is described by a standard deviation, typically 15 points. Thus, a score of 70 or below, which is two standard deviations below the median, indicates significant intellectual limitations and is a key criterion in the diagnosis of intellectual disability.

Distinguishing from Other Conditions

When diagnosing an intellectual disability, it's important to distinguish it from other conditions that may cause similar symptoms or impairments. Several diseases or conditions can be mistaken for intellectual disability, including hearing loss, vision loss, speech disorders, autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and specific learning disorders [2].

For example, a child with a significant hearing loss might have difficulty responding to verbal instructions, which could be misinterpreted as an intellectual disability. Or, a child with ADHD might have difficulty focusing in school, leading to poor academic achievement. In these cases, the underlying issue is not an intellectual disability, but a different condition that requires its own specific treatment approach.

Moreover, intellectual disability is not a single entity, it reflects a myriad of different disorders, genetic causes alone may be in the thousands. Therefore, thorough and comprehensive assessments are necessary to accurately diagnose intellectual disability and differentiate it from other conditions.

In conclusion, diagnosing an intellectual disability involves a comprehensive evaluation of an individual's intellectual and adaptive functioning. This includes assessing IQ and distinguishing the condition from other potential causes of similar symptoms. Accurate diagnosis is crucial for developing an effective treatment plan and providing the appropriate support and services.

Living with an Intellectual Disability

Intellectual disability impacts various facets of a person's life, including their ability to live independently and their need for support and assistance. However, with appropriate interventions and programs, individuals with an intellectual disability can lead fulfilling lives.

Daily Life and Independence

Individuals with an intellectual disability may require support throughout their lives, but with appropriate programs and assistance, they can achieve varying degrees of independence, have jobs, families, and overall maintain a good quality of life. The goal of treatment for intellectual disability is to develop the person's potential to the fullest, beginning special education and training as early as infancy. This may include social skills to promote normal functioning.

Communication is essential to independence, and individuals with intellectual disability often benefit from working with Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs). SLPs play an essential role in promoting communication abilities to enhance the independence and self-advocacy of persons with intellectual disability.

Support and Assistance Programs

Support and assistance programs are vital for individuals living with an intellectual disability. These can range from educational and vocational programs to health and social programs. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association emphasizes the importance of family-centered care for individuals with intellectual disability, as they require substantial family support and advocacy.

Certain preventive measures can help reduce the risk of intellectual disability, such as genetic counseling, nutrition programs to address malnutrition, early intervention in cases involving abuse and poverty, and avoidance of exposure to toxins and infectious diseases that could lead to intellectual disability [4].

In conclusion, while living with an intellectual disability presents unique challenges, appropriate support and interventions can empower individuals to live fulfilling, independent lives. It is essential to recognize the potential of each individual and support them in achieving their personal goals and aspirations.

The Role of Medical Professionals

A team of dedicated healthcare providers plays a key role in supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities. This team often includes speech-language pathologists and other healthcare professionals who specialize in different aspects of care.

Speech-Language Pathologists

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) play a crucial role in the life of individuals with intellectual disabilities. They focus on promoting communication abilities to enhance independence and self-advocacy. Recognizing the varied communication rules and familial structures across cultures, SLPs provide services tailored to individual needs.

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association emphasizes the importance of family-centered care for individuals with intellectual disabilities, recognizing the substantial need for family support and advocacy.

A strengths-based perspective is encouraged for SLPs working with individuals with intellectual disabilities. This approach focuses on the individual's potential, goals, and building trusting relationships within natural environments.

SLPs also implement interventions involving peer interactions, inclusive practices in education, and support-based interventions. These strategies can improve social functioning and interactions for individuals with intellectual disabilities in various settings.

Other Healthcare Providers

Apart from SLPs, individuals with intellectual disabilities often require support from other healthcare professionals. These may include occupational therapists, physiotherapists, psychologists, special education teachers, and social workers, among others.

Each of these professionals provides unique support to cater to the diverse needs of individuals with intellectual disabilities. They work together to ensure a comprehensive and coordinated care approach, focusing on improving the individual's quality of life and promoting their independence.

While the role of medical professionals is essential in the care of individuals with intellectual disabilities, it's equally important to remember the role of families, caregivers, and the individuals themselves. Their input and cooperation are key to ensuring effective and personalized care.

Research and Future Directions

When it comes to intellectual disability, research and future directions play a critical role in improving the quality of life for those affected. These efforts range from current treatments and therapies to ongoing research and clinical trials.

Current Treatments and Therapies

Currently, the approach to treating intellectual disability focuses on environmental optimization and individualized education plans [3]. These strategies aim to create supportive surroundings and provide personalized learning experiences that cater to the individual's unique needs and abilities.

Moreover, specific treatments that affect intellectual disability at a biological level do exist. For example, newborns identified with PKU (Phenylketonuria) are placed on dietary restriction, and enzyme replacement therapy is applicable for some metabolic disorders. However, it's important to note that these treatments are not curative and cognitive deficits may persist.

Ongoing Research and Clinical Trials

The quest for better understanding and treating intellectual disability is ongoing, with several clinical trials and research efforts targeted at finding treatments. These include trials focusing on re-equilibration of biochemical imbalances resulting from genetic mutations, as well as targeting pathways involved in control of dendritic growth and synaptogenesis.

An example of this is trials for conditions such as Fragile X and tuberous sclerosis, where drugs targeting mGluR5 (a type of receptor in the brain) and the mTOR pathway (a key regulator of cell growth and proliferation) are being tested for their potential to improve cognitive function.

In conclusion, the journey towards better management and treatment of intellectual disability is a progressive one. With continuous research and clinical trials, the future holds promise for improved therapies and potential breakthroughs that could significantly enhance the quality of life for individuals with an intellectual disability.

References

[1]: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/25015-intellectual-disability-id

[2]: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK547654/

[3]: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3876407/

[4]: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001523.htm

[5]: https://www.asha.org/practice-portal/clinical-topics/intellectual-disability/treatment-principles-for-individuals-with-an-intellectual-disability/

Recent Articles

Effective Techniques for Managing Diabetes in Children

July 12, 2024

Empower your child's future with effective techniques for managing diabetes in children.

Community Support for Children with Diabetes

July 12, 2024

Explore community support for diabetic children, the role of health clubs, and access to care essentials.

Top Pediatric Diabetes Management Programs

July 12, 2024

Discover top pediatric diabetes management programs for comprehensive child care and smoother transitions to adulthood.

Effective Home Treatments for Childhood Diabetes

July 12, 2024

Discover effective home treatments for childhood diabetes, from nutritional support to emotional care.

Essential Home Care for Children with Diabetes

July 12, 2024

Gain confidence in home care for children with diabetes with our empowering guide for parents.

Navigating Pediatric Cardiac Care at Home

July 10, 2024

Empower your pediatric cardiac care at home with our guide. Navigate emergencies and equipment with ease.

Essential Steps in Heart Condition Rehabilitation for Kids

July 10, 2024

Empower your child's heart health journey with our guide on heart condition rehabilitation for kids.

The Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Chain of Survival Steps

July 10, 2024

Master pediatric out-of-hospital chain of survival steps and empower your child's cardiac care at home.

Cardiovascular Emergencies in Pediatric Patients

July 10, 2024

Master managing cardiovascular emergencies in pediatric patients with expert home cardiac care tips.

Home-Based Heart Health Programs for Children

July 10, 2024

Discover the transformative power of home-based heart health programs for children. Better care at home!

Effective Home Treatments for Childhood Asthma

July 8, 2024

Explore effective home treatments for childhood asthma, from natural therapies to allergy control.

Best Practices for Children's Asthma Management at Home

July 8, 2024

Master children's asthma management at home with strategies on triggers, school challenges, and emergencies.

Pediatric Asthma Care Programs That Make a Difference

July 8, 2024

Discover effective pediatric asthma care programs, from diagnosis to treatment, for your child's success.

Community Support for Kids Battling Asthma

July 8, 2024

Discover community support for kids with asthma in NY—enhancing care, school programs, and resources.

Expert Advice for Managing Children's Asthma With Home Care

July 8, 2024

Gain expert insights on managing asthma in children with home care. Empower your family today!

Respite Care for Children with Special Needs

July 8, 2024

Explore respite care for children with special needs, from access to benefits, offering a lifeline for caregivers.

Is There a Cure for Sickle Cell Anemia?

July 8, 2024

Explore advancements towards curing sickle cell anemia, from gene therapy to FDA-approved treatments.

Infant Chronic Lung Disease: Breaking Down the Risks

July 8, 2024

Discover the complications of infant chronic lung disease, its risk factors, and strategies for management.

Impulse Control Disorders in Children

July 8, 2024

Conquer impulse control disorders in children with effective strategies and professional help. Get the support your child needs now!

Impulse Control Disorders and Substance Abuse: Exploring the Relationship

July 8, 2024

Unveiling the link between impulse control disorders and substance abuse. Discover the hidden dangers and find support for parents.

How to Treat High Blood Pressure in Teenager

July 8, 2024

Learn effective strategies to manage high blood pressure in teenagers, promoting healthier lifestyles and better long-term health.

How to Treat High Blood Pressure in Children?

July 8, 2024

Master strategies to treat high blood pressure in children through balanced diet, regular exercise, and medical interventions.

How to Teach a Child with Intellectual Disability to Read

July 8, 2024

Explore strategies on how to teach a child with intellectual disability to read. Empower minds today!

How To Support Teens During Major Life Transitions

July 8, 2024

Learn how to support teens during major life transitions with effective tools and strategies, promoting resilience and positive growth.

How To Support A Teen With Social Anxiety

July 8, 2024

Learn how to support a teen with social anxiety, from treatment options to creating supportive environments.

How To Support A Teen With Learning Disabilities

July 8, 2024

Discover how to support a teen with learning disabilities: from early intervention to empowering tools.

How to Support a Teen with ADHD: A Guide

July 8, 2024

Learn how to support a teen with ADHD through academic strategies, fostering independence, and promoting a healthy lifestyle.

How to Obtain Respite Care For Your Child's Wellbeing

July 8, 2024

Learn how to get respite care for your child, ensuring their wellbeing and giving you peace of mind through reliable care services.

How To Help Teens Manage Academic Pressure

July 8, 2024

Empower teens to manage academic pressure with effective strategies for stress reduction and self-care.

How To Help Teens Develop Healthy Relationships

July 8, 2024

Learn how to help teens develop healthy relationships, from nurturing friendships to handling digital influences.

How To Help Teens Develop Healthy Coping Mechanisms

July 8, 2024

Empower teens with healthy coping mechanisms. Harness their inner strength and conquer stress wisely with effective strategies and support.

How To Help Teens Develop A Healthy Self-esteem

July 8, 2024

Learn how to help teens build a healthy self-esteem. Nurture strength and resilience for lifelong confidence.

How To Handle Substance Abuse In Teens

July 8, 2024

Learn how to handle substance abuse in teens: from recognizing signs to exploring effective interventions.

How to Get Respite Care for My Child?

July 8, 2024

Learn how to get respite care for your child, explore financial aid options, and locate trusted services to support your family.

How to Get Health Insurance for Your Child with Autism?

July 8, 2024

Navigate steps to secure health insurance for your child with autism, ensuring comprehensive coverage and effective care plans.

How To Foster Positive Body Image In Adolescents

July 8, 2024

Explore how to foster positive body image in adolescents, from mental well-being to social influences.

How to Create a Safe Space for Teens to Express Their Emotions

July 8, 2024

Learn how to create a safe space for teens to express emotions, using trust, dialogue, and technology.

How to Become a Respite Caregiver for ASD

July 8, 2024

Discover how to become a respite caregiver for ASD, join a rewarding field and make a real difference.

How to Become a HCBS Provider in NY

July 8, 2024

Learn how to become an HCBS provider in NY, from Medicaid enrollment to maintaining compliance and providing high-quality care.

How to Apply for Child Care in the United States

July 8, 2024

Navigate how to apply for child care in the US, from financial aid to state programs, with our guide.

How To Address Self-harm Behaviors In Teens

July 8, 2024

Learn how to address self-harm behaviors in teens - from recognizing signs to effective intervention strategies.

How To Address Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) In Teens?

July 8, 2024

Navigate 'how to address OCD in teens' - understanding symptoms, treatments, and the power of empathy.

How To Address Anger Issues In Adolescents

July 8, 2024

Learn how to address anger issues in adolescents with effective techniques and professional interventions.

How Sickle Cell Anemia is Inherited in Families?

July 8, 2024

Decode how sickle cell anemia is inherited and learn about risk assessment, testing, and counseling.

How Respite Can Help You and Your Child: Your Lifeline in Parenting

July 8, 2024

Discover how respite can help you and your child with disabilities – a lifeline for parents in New York.

How Rare is Childhood Dementia?

July 8, 2024

Unveiling the truth: Is childhood dementia rare? Explore the prevalence, impact, & advances in research for families facing this challenge.

How Much Time Should Parents Spend with Their Child?

July 8, 2024

Navigate the question of how much time parents should spend with their child, with a focus on autism.

How Much Is Child Support In NYC?

July 8, 2024

Get insights on 'how much is child support in NYC?' Explore factors, additional costs, and legal repercussions.

How Much Is Child Support For Two Kids In NY?

July 8, 2024

Discover how much is child support for 2 kids in NY? Unravel the factors, court's role, and services.

How Much Is Child Support For Four Kids In NYS?

July 8, 2024

Unveil the truth about how much child support is required for four kids in NYS. Explore the factors, laws, and guidelines involved.

How Much Does Health Insurance for a Child with Autism Cost?

July 8, 2024

Navigate 'how much is health insurance for a child' with autism. Uncover costs, subsidies, and more.

How Much Do Physical Therapists Actually Make?

July 8, 2024

Unravel "how much do physical therapists make" with our comprehensive guide on salaries and factors.

How Much Do Daycare Workers Get Paid in New York?

July 8, 2024

Discover how much daycare workers get paid in New York, and uncover the factors influencing their wages and overall compensation.

How Much Child Support Do I Need For One Child In NY?

July 8, 2024

Demystify how much child support is needed for one child in NY with our comprehensive guide, providing clarity and essential information.

How Many Weeks of Free Respite Care Are You Allowed?

July 8, 2024

Unravel how many weeks of free respite care are you allowed. Learn about options, costs, and coverage.

How Many Long Term Care Facilities are in the US?

July 8, 2024

Get the lowdown on how many long-term care facilities in the US, their impact, and trends shaping them.

How Many Home Health Aides Are There in New York - A Closer Look

July 8, 2024

Discover the number of home health aides in New York and how they support families with disabled children.

How Many Home Care Agencies Operate in New York State?

July 8, 2024

Discover how many home care agencies operate in New York State. Find the support your autistic child deserves.

How Long Does Group Therapy Last

July 8, 2024

Dive into the ins and outs of group therapy and discover how long group therapy typically lasts, ensuring informed participation.

How Long Can A Child Have Diabetes Without Knowing

July 8, 2024

Unmask the silent threat by learning about diagnosing diabetes in children, understanding symptoms, and effective management strategies.

How Home and Community Based Services Enhance Lives

July 8, 2024

Explore how home and community based services are transforming care, enhancing quality of life, and shaping the future.

How DSS in NYS Supports Children with Disabilities

July 8, 2024

Explore 'what is DSS in NYS?' and how it supports children with disabilities through transformative services.

How Does Cardiovascular Disease Affects Childhood?

July 8, 2024

Discover how cardiovascular disease impacts childhood, affecting physical health, emotional wellbeing, and social interactions.

How Do You Deal With Intellectual Disability? The Power of Advocacy

July 8, 2024

Discover the power of advocacy for intellectual disability and how it creates opportunities and promotes equality.

How Do You Deal With a Mentally Unstable Child

July 8, 2024

Gain insights on dealing with a mentally unstable child, from recognizing signs to seeking professional help and effective support strategies.

How Do I Know if My Child Has Intellectual Disability

July 8, 2024

Discover how to recognize if your child has an intellectual disability and the support options available.

How Crisis Affects Middle Childhood Development

July 8, 2024

Uncover how crisis affects middle childhood development and learn strategies to provide robust support.

How Conflict and Crisis Impact Childhood Development

July 8, 2024

Explore how conflict and crisis affect childhood, their impacts, and multilevel support for healing.

How Common is Pediatric Hypertension?

July 8, 2024

Discover how common pediatric hypertension is and gain insights on its risk factors, symptoms, and management.

How Child Care Vouchers Help in NY

July 8, 2024

Navigate child care vouchers in NY - from eligibility to application, we've got your childcare costs covered.

How CFASS Can Help Your Child's Journey

July 8, 2024

Discover how CFASS empowers children with disabilities. Support, guidance, and resources for your child's journey!

Home-Based Waiver Programs for Kids

July 8, 2024

Discover home-based waiver programs for kids, simplifying care and assistance for your special needs child.

Home-based Therapy for Intermittent Explosive Disorder

July 8, 2024

Discover effective home-based therapy for intermittent explosive disorder, enhancing peace and quality of life.

Home-Based Strategies for Explosive Disorder Treatment

July 8, 2024

Explore effective home-based explosive disorder treatment strategies to transform your child's life.

Home-Based Strategies for ADHD Treatment

July 8, 2024

Discover effective home-based ADHD treatment strategies to empower parents and improve children's lives.

Home-Based Respite Services for Kids

July 8, 2024

Explore home-based respite services for kids in NY: a beacon of hope for caregivers of special needs children.

Home-based Mental Health Support For Kids

July 8, 2024

Explore home-based mental health support for kids in NY: resources, professional help, and self-care tips.

Home-based Anxiety Management For Kids

July 8, 2024

Create a calming home environment with strategies for managing anxiety in kids, from structured routines to relaxation techniques.

Home Health Care Services

July 8, 2024

Explore home health care services and their benefits, financing options, and their future, all in one guide.

Home Health Aide Hourly Earnings in NY

July 8, 2024

Discover how much home health aides make an hour in NY, their responsibilities, and the advanced tasks they handle to provide comprehensive care.

High Functioning Autism Symptoms Uncovered

July 8, 2024

Discover and understand high-functioning autism symptoms, their unique strengths, and the support needed for a fulfilling life.

High Blood Pressure in Teens: The Silent Threat

July 8, 2024

Unveiling the silent threat: High blood pressure in teens. Learn about risks, consequences, and effective management strategies.

Heart Disease in Children: Identifying Symptoms

July 8, 2024

Identifying heart disease symptoms in children: Stay vigilant and protect their little hearts with early detection.

Group Therapy Topics For Youth

July 8, 2024

Discover engaging group therapy topics for youth, fostering growth, resilience, and shared experiences through guided discussions.

HCBS Services Brochure: A Guide to Connecting Families with HCBS

July 8, 2024

Explore the HCBS services brochure: a guide to enhancing community integration, improving health outcomes, and accessing vital support.

HCBS Services List With Eligibility & Benefits

July 8, 2024

Master the HCBS services list! Learn eligibility, benefits, and how these services enhance quality of life.

Helping Children with ODD Thrive

July 8, 2024

Learn ways to manage ODD in children, from effective parenting techniques to school-based support.

Finding Autism and Mental Health Support for Kids in New York

July 8, 2024

Empower your parenting with our guide on autism and mental health support for kids in New York.

How to Become a HCBS Provider in New York

July 8, 2024

Unlock opportunities to become a HCBS provider in NY. Discover the requirements, application process & benefits for individuals with autism.

Intellectual Disability in Child Development

July 8, 2024

Explore intellectual disability in child development: its causes, impacts, and strategies for caregiver support.

Integrated Counseling for Enhanced Autism Treatment

July 8, 2024

Explore integrated counseling's potential in enhancing autism treatment, from benefits to future prospects.

Innovative Teletherapy Games for Children with Autism

July 8, 2024

Explore empowering teletherapy games for children with autism. Discover online resources and therapy benefits.

In-Home Support Services for Autism

July 8, 2024

Explore the impact of in-home support services for autism, from quality assurance to financial aspects.

How to Start a Private Home Care Business in New York: A Guide

July 8, 2024

Unlock NY's best-kept secret: Kickstart your private home care business and thrive in the booming healthcare industry!

How to Help a Child Overcome School Refusal

July 8, 2024

Discover how to help a child overcome school refusal with effective treatments and supportive strategies.

Intellectual Disability Resources [For Teachers]

July 7, 2024

Discover innovative teaching strategies for intellectual disabilities. Foster inclusive education and empower students to break barriers.

Intellectual Disability Symptoms

July 7, 2024

Unmasking intellectual disability symptoms: Understand the signs, causes, and management strategies.

Intellectual Disability Types: From Down Syndrome to Fragile X

July 7, 2024

Discover the diverse types of intellectual disability, from Down Syndrome to Fragile X. Understand symptoms, support, and interventions.

Is ADHD Considered An Intellectual Disability?

July 7, 2024

Discover the truth about ADHD and intellectual functioning. Is it an intellectual disability? Find out.

Is Autism Considered a Part of Intellectual Disability?

July 7, 2024

Explore if autism is considered an intellectual disability, challenging assumptions and shedding light on facts.