Counseling for Children: Taking Your Child to a Therapist

11 Jan 2022
Child counseling is crucial for mental health. Therapy duration varies by child, but early intervention is key for success.

As parents, we want our children to grow up to be happy, healthy, and successful. But sometimes life's challenges can get in the way. Children may struggle with anxiety, depression, behavior problems, or trauma that can affect their well-being and ability to thrive.

This is where counseling for children comes in- a powerful tool that can help kids navigate difficult situations and develop the skills they need to succeed in life.

What is Counseling for Children?

Counseling for children is a kind of therapy that helps kids learn how to deal with their feelings and behavior. It's a team effort between the child, their parents, and a licensed therapist who is good at working with kids.

Counseling can take many forms, like talking or playing, and the goal is to make a safe and helpful place where kids can work through their emotions and learn new ways of dealing with life's challenges. This can mean learning how to relax when they're stressed, getting better at making friends, or figuring out how to solve problems at home or school.

It's important to know that counseling for children isn't just for kids who have mental health problems. It can also help kids who are going through big changes like moving or their parents getting divorced, or who just need extra help when things are hard.

What Problems Can Child Counseling Address?

Child counseling can treat a wide range of issues that children face, including but not limited to:


Excessive worry or fear that interferes with daily activities.


Persistent sadness, loss of interest in activities, feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness.

Behavioral problems

Acting out, defiance, aggression, impulsivity, or other disruptive behaviors.


Exposure to a distressing event or experience that has lasting negative effects on mental and emotional well-being.

Grief and loss

Coping with the death of a loved one or other significant loss.


Difficulty with attention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity that affect daily life.

Learning disabilities

Challenges with reading, writing, math, or other academic skills that may impact performance in school.

Related: Learning Disabilities Statistics and Prevalence

Autism spectrum disorders

Neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by challenges with social communication and interaction, as well as restricted or repetitive behaviors and interests.

Family conflicts

Difficulties within family relationships that may cause stress and emotional distress for children and/or parents.

Children who have experienced abuse or neglect may also benefit from counseling as they work through their emotions and develop coping skills.

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), child therapy has been found to be effective in treating various mental health conditions in children such as anxiety disorders, depression, PTSD, and ADHD. The APA states that research has shown that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is particularly effective for treating anxiety disorders and depression in children.

Signs Your Child Needs Counseling

It can be difficult to know when your child needs counseling, as every child is different. However, there are some common signs that may indicate your child could benefit from therapy. These include:

  • Persistent sadness or hopelessness
  • Changes in sleeping or eating habits
  • Withdrawal from friends and family
  • Difficulty concentrating or sudden drop in grades
  • Increase in irritability or anger
  • Engaging in risky behaviors
  • Talking about death or suicide

If you notice any of these signs in your child, it may be time to consider counseling. It's important to remember that seeking help for your child does not mean you have failed as a parent. In fact, it shows that you care about your child's well-being and want them to get the support they need.

What Kind of Counseling Can Be Given to Children?

Counseling for children can take many different forms depending on the child's needs and preferences. Some common types of counseling include:

Play Therapy

Play therapy involves using toys, games, and other activities to help children express their emotions and work through their problems in a non-threatening way. This type of therapy is often used with younger children who may have difficulty verbalizing their thoughts and feelings.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of talk therapy that helps children identify negative thought patterns and develop more positive ways of thinking. This can be especially helpful for children who struggle with anxiety or depression.

Family Therapy

Family therapy involves working with the whole family to address issues that affect everyone. This can be particularly effective when there are conflicts or communication problems within the family that are impacting the child's well-being.

It's important to note that these types of counseling are not mutually exclusive, and a therapist may use a combination of approaches to best meet the needs of each individual child.

What to Expect in Child Counseling

During child counseling, you can expect the following:

  • An initial assessment: The therapist will meet with the child and/or their parents to understand the child's needs and determine the best approach for therapy.
  • Regular sessions: Sessions may occur weekly or bi-weekly and last anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour.
  • Identifying feelings and behaviors: The therapist will work with the child to identify their emotions and behaviors, and help them develop coping skills.
  • Creative methods: Depending on the child's age and needs, a therapist may use art therapy or other creative methods to help them process their emotions.
  • Parent involvement: Parents are often involved in counseling for children. The therapist may meet with parents separately to discuss their concerns and provide guidance on how to support their child at home.
  • Family therapy: In some cases, family therapy may be recommended to address conflicts within the family that are impacting the child's well-being.

It's important to note that counseling for children is tailored to each child's individual needs, so their experience may differ depending on their specific situation.

Duration of Child Therapy: Understanding the Factors That Influence Treatment Length

The length of time a child spends in therapy varies depending on their individual needs and the severity of the issues they are dealing with.

Some children may only need a few sessions to work through a specific problem, while others may benefit from long-term therapy to address ongoing mental health concerns.

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), the duration of child therapy can range from just a few sessions to several months or even years. The length of treatment depends on factors such as the child's age, diagnosis, and response to therapy.

It's important for parents to understand that there is no set timeline for how long their child will need therapy. Every child is unique, and their progress in therapy will depend on a variety of factors.

However, research has shown that early intervention is key when it comes to addressing mental health concerns in children. The sooner a child receives treatment, the better their chances for recovery and long-term success.

The Role of Parents in Their Child's Counseling Journey

Free photo mothers spending time together with their daughter

Parents play an important role in their child's counseling journey. They are often the first to notice changes in their child's behavior or emotions and can help connect them with the support they need.

During the counseling process, parents are encouraged to be involved and supportive of their child. This can mean:

  • Attending therapy sessions with their child
  • Helping them practice coping skills at home
  • Providing a safe and nurturing environment for them to express their emotions

It's important for parents to understand that counseling is not a quick fix solution but rather a process that takes time and effort from both the child and the therapist. Parents should be patient and understanding, knowing that progress may not happen overnight.

At times, parents may also need support themselves. Seeing your child struggle with mental health issues can be difficult and emotionally taxing. It's important for parents to prioritize self-care during this time by seeking out their own sources of support like therapy or connecting with community resources.

Overall, the role of parents in their child's counseling journey is to provide love, support, and encouragement while working collaboratively with the therapist to help their child achieve success.

Why Counseling for Children is Important

Children face a range of challenges as they grow up, from bullying at school to family conflicts and the pressures of social media. These challenges can be overwhelming and can lead to negative emotions and behaviors that can impact their mental health.

Counseling for children can help them develop the coping skills they need to deal with these challenges and become more resilient.

Counseling can also help children work through difficult emotions and experiences. For example, if a child has experienced trauma, counseling can provide a safe space for them to process their emotions and develop strategies to cope with the aftermath. Counseling can also help children build self-esteem and learn to communicate effectively with others, which can improve their relationships and social skills.

How to Talk to Your Child About Going to Counseling

Talking to your child about going to counseling can be challenging, but it's an important step in helping them get the support they need. Here are some tips for approaching the conversation:

Be honest and open

It's important to be honest with your child about why you think counseling could be helpful for them. Explain that sometimes life can be difficult, and it's okay to ask for help when we need it.

Use age-appropriate language

When talking to young children, use simple language they can understand. You might say something like, "We're going to see a special helper who can help us feel better." For older children, you can provide more detailed information about what counseling involves.

Address any concerns or fears

Your child may have questions or concerns about going to counseling. Address these honestly and reassure them that the therapist is there to help, not judge or punish.

Normalize seeking help

Let your child know that seeking help is a sign of strength, not weakness. Explain that many people go to counseling at some point in their lives and that it's a normal part of taking care of our mental health.

Involve your child in the process

If possible, involve your child in choosing a therapist or setting goals for therapy. This helps them feel more invested in the process and gives them a sense of control over their own mental health.

Remember that every child is different, and some may need more time than others to feel comfortable with the idea of going to counseling. Be patient and supportive throughout the process, and let your child know that you're there for them every step of the way.

How to Find a Counselor for Your Child: A Guide for Parents

As parents, we want the best for our children, especially when it comes to their mental health and well-being. Finding the right counselor for your child can be a daunting task, but it's an important step in the process of helping your child heal and grow.

Look for a Specialist

When searching for a counselor, it's important to look for someone who specializes in working with children and who has experience with the specific issues your child is facing. A counselor who is knowledgeable and experienced in working with children is more likely to understand your child's unique needs and provide effective therapy.

Consider Approach and Style

You may also want to consider the counselor's approach and style. Some counselors use cognitive-behavioral therapy, while others may focus on play therapy or art therapy. It's important to find a counselor whose approach resonates with you and your child.

Availability and Location

In addition to the counselor's expertise and approach, you'll want to consider their availability and location. Make sure the counselor has a schedule that works for you and your child, and that their office is conveniently located.

Remember, finding the right counselor for your child is a process. Don't be afraid to ask questions and take your time to find someone who is the best fit for your child's needs. With the right counselor, your child can learn to cope with their challenges and thrive.


In conclusion, seeking counseling for children who are struggling with mental health issues is a crucial step in helping them lead happy and healthy lives. With the right therapist and approach, children can learn to cope with difficult emotions and experiences, build resilience, and develop the skills they need to thrive.

It's important to remember that every child is unique, and their journey through therapy will be different. However, by being supportive and involved in the process, parents can help their child achieve success in counseling.

If you're considering counseling for your child but aren't sure where to start, don't hesitate to reach out to your child's pediatrician or school counselor for guidance. They can provide valuable resources and referrals to trusted therapists in your area.


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